audio tips

A Guide on Drum Individual Miking Techniques

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KICK
The kick drum provides the pulse of the Song

Tips
1.    Can work very well as damping material
2.    A folded pillow case or bath towels tucked inside the drum in front of the beater can work well for damping
3.    For more attack on any drum, add a few dBat 8Khz
Mic Placement
1.    If the kick has a hold, place the mic just at the edte angled at 30 to 45 degrees of y axis aimed at the beater
2.    If the kick drum has no hole in the front head, place the mic about 3 to 4 inches infront of the drum at about the same level as the beater
3.    If the kick no front head, place the ic about halfway inside the drum shell, pointed at the beater

SNARE

Tips
1.    Snare SM57 has been the standard snare mic for years, so it is better to use it.
2.    For more crack sound, use a room mic or a snare mic.
3.    Add a dB or two at 10k to 12khz for a crisp sound
Mic Placement
1.    Place an SM57 on a boom stand and position it about 1 or 2 inch apart from the snare head
2.    The mic should be in an angled position pointed towards the center of the drum head
3.    Place the mic about 6 inches above the rim of the snare drum
4.    To get a clean snare tone, place a mic about 3 inches or from the bottom head and righ under the snare

Hi-HAT

Tips
1.    Avoid close miking to the end of cymbal to get air free air.
2.    Use condenser mic to get best hi-hat transients
3.    Place the mic on the far end of the hat, as far away from the crash cymbal as possible for maximum rejection
4.    If the hi-hat sound too thick or heavy, alternate 1.2 Khz by 2 or 3dB or move the mic away or more toward the edge of the top cymbal
Mic Placement
1.    Place a mic pointing straight down at the cymbal about halfway from the edge of the rim
2.    Position the mic about 4-6 inches above the hat and angle it toward the place where the drummer hits the hat
3.    Place a mic looking down the post of the hi-hat for an extra thick sound

TOMS

Tips
1.    Placing the mic too close to the drum head will increase the attack
2.    When miking multiple toms, try to keep all the tom mics facing in the same direction as much as possible to eliminate any possible phase issues between them
3.    When miking a very large kit with a lot of toms, miking each pair of toms may work better than miking each one individually.
4.    To get good tone and power, tune both top ad bottom heads properly.
Mic Placement
1.    Place the kick 2-3 inches of the head above the rim at 45 degree, looking down at the centre of the head to get most attack
2.    For more ring and less attach, point the mic closer to the rim
3.    Place a top mic about 4 inches over the top head and a bottom mic about the same distance away from the bottom head.

OVERHEAD MICS

Tips
1.    If the room is too live, move the overheads closer to the kit to reduce the amount of being picked up
2.    To get clean cymbal tone and to avoid ambient sound use high pass filter
Mic Placement
1.    To record the overall drum kit, position an x/y microphone pair about 2 feet over the drummer’s head, centered over the middle of the kit.
2.    For cymbal miking, position a mic from 2-3 inch feet above the outside cymbal on each side of the kit
3.    If the side cymbal is too quiet compared to the other cymbals, place a mic about 6 inches away from the middle of the cymbal.

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